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4th International Conference on Cardiovascular Medicine and Cardiac Surgery, will be organized around the theme “Because Every Heartbeat Matters”
Cardiovascular-2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Cardiovascular-2019
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Cardiovascular Medicine is the widespread provider of cardiovascular amenities converging in the detection, management, treatment & prevention of several cardiovascular diseases. The specialty of cardiovascular medicine emphases on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the heart and blood vessels or the vascular system, which include: coronary artery disease, heart rhythm disorders, heart failure, congenital heart defects, heart valve disease, heart muscle disease, and disorders of the vascular system including the aorta and other vessels.
- Track 1-1Anticoagulants or Blood Thinners
- Track 1-2Antiplatelet Agents
- Track 1-3Thrombolytic Agents
- Track 1-4Angiotensin-converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
- Track 1-5Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
- Track 1-6Beta Blockers or Beta-adrenergic Blocking Agents
- Track 1-7Calcium Channel Blockers
- Track 1-8Calcium Channel Blockers
- Track 1-9Diuretics
- Track 1-10Vasodilators
- Track 1-11Digoxin
- Track 1-12Statins
Cardiac surgery, also called heart surgery which involves surgical operations performed on the heart under to correct life-threatening conditions. The surgery can be either open-heart surgery or minimally invasive surgery depending on the condition to be corrected. The purpose of cardiac surgery is to improve the quality of life of the patient and to extend the patient's lifespan.
- Track 2-1Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (OPCAB)
- Track 2-2Minimally Invasive Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (MICAS)
- Track 2-3Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (MIDCAB)
- Track 2-4Lower End Sternal Split Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (LESS)
- Track 2-5Thoracotomy Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (TOPCAB)
- Track 2-6Video-Assisted Port-access Mitral Valve Surgery
- Track 2-7Surgical Treatment of Heart Failure
- Track 2-8Left Ventricular Reconstructive Surgery (Dor Procedure)
- Track 2-9Cardiac Wrap Surgery
- Track 2-10Enhanced External Counterpulsation (EECP)
- Track 2-11Robotic Cardiac Surgery
- Track 2-12Stem Cell Therapy
- Track 2-13Total Arterial Revascularisation
- Track 2-14Valve Repair Surgery
- Track 2-15Arificial Heart
An arrhythmia is the irregularity with the rate or rhythm of your heartbeat. It means that your heart beats too quickly, too slowly or with an uneven pattern. If the heart beats faster than normal, it is so-called tachycardia. If the heart beats too slowly, it is so-called bradycardia. Another common type of arrhythmia is atrial fibrillation; here an irregular and fast heartbeat occurs. Several factors may affect your heart's rhythm, for example sudden heart attack, congenital heart defects, stress and smoking. Some elements or medications can also cause arrhythmias.
- Track 3-1Sinus Node Dysfunction
- Track 3-2Heart Block
- Track 3-3Premature Atrial Contractions
- Track 3-4Premature Ventricular Contractions (PVCs)
- Track 3-5Atrial Fibrillation
- Track 3-6Atrial Flutter
- Track 3-7Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT)
- Track 3-8Accessory Pathway Tachycardias
- Track 3-9AV Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia
- Track 3-10Ventricular Tachycardia (V-tach)
- Track 3-11Ventricular Fibrillation
- Track 3-12Long QT Syndrome
- Track 3-13Bradyarrhythmias
Molecular cardiology mainly targets to apply molecular biology practices for the diagnosis, prevention, treatment and mechanistic investigation of cardiovascular disease is a novel and rapid growing area of cardiovascular medicine. Being an emerging field, it has changed conceptual thinking of disease-etiology, pathophysiology and cardiovascular improvement. It has released a promising path for understanding and regulating cardiovascular disease. Scientists are closer to curing heart diseases that were thought to be incurable 20 years ago with the fast development and application of molecular biology techniques. To endorse the progression of stem cell therapy and gene therapy for heart diseases, obviously there is a necessity for thorough understanding of the molecular mechanisms of cardiovascular diseases.
- Track 4-1Stem cell therapy for Cardiovascular Disease
- Track 4-2Gene Analysis in the Injured and Hypertrophied Heart
- Track 4-3Transgenic Techniques in Cardiovascular Research
High blood pressure is otherwise known as hypertension, is a severe medical condition. When the force of the blood pumping through your arteries is too strong, it generally happens. Heart pushes blood through your arteries to the rest of your body when it beats. Your blood pressure goes up, when the blood pushes harder against the walls of your arteries. In a day your blood pressure may be different at different times. When you first wake up, after you exercise, or when you are under stress, it is usually higher. It is normal having higher blood pressure for short amounts of time. But, when your blood pressure stays high for most of the time, it can cause serious health problems.
- Track 5-1Resistant Hypertension
- Track 5-2Malignant Hypertension
- Track 5-3Isolated Systolic Hypertension
- Track 5-4Secondary Hypertension
- Track 5-5Essential Hypertension
Cardiovascular Engineering inspires novel procedures and technological advancements in the basic understanding, treatment and applications of the cardiovascular diseases & diagnosis. Novel Contributions outline new ideas and applications in cardiovascular mechanics, cardiac and vascular imaging, devices and instrumentation, cardiac assistance, cardiology applications and diagnostic methods, vascular grafts and artificial hearts, cardiac electrophysiology techniques, hemodynamic monitoring and measurements, computer modeling and drug delivery systems.
- Track 6-1Heart-assist Devices
- Track 6-2Biomaterials
- Track 6-3Foam Heart
- Track 6-4Regeneration
- Track 6-5Scaffolds
- Track 6-6Computation
- Track 6-7Imaging
Pediatric Cardiopulmonary disease is a disorder in childhood which involves both the heart and lungs problems. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is the visceral-fat deposit around the heart and is normally increased in obese matters. EAT is related to Cardio Metabolic risk factors and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adults, but this relationship is not well known in children. (MI) Myocardial infarction is rare in childhood and adolescence. Children frequently have either an acute inflammatory condition of the coronary arteries diseases or an anomalous origin of the left coronary artery (LCA). Peripheral vascular diseases (PVDs) are basically circulation disorders that affect blood vessels outside of the heart and brain, where blood vessels are narrowed by arteriosclerosis.
- Track 7-1Chest Pain
- Track 7-2Cardiovascular Physiology
- Track 7-3Basic Diagnostic Studies
- Track 7-4Clinical Evaluation
- Track 7-5Specific Congenital Heart Defects
- Track 7-6Acquired Heart Disease
Novel experiments are regularly being developed to further the understanding of disease, injury, and congenital (present at birth) or acquired abnormalities of the heart. These experiments in cardiology are approaches of recognizing heart conditions like healthy vs. unhealthy, pathologic heart function.
- Track 8-1Electrocardiogram (ECG)
- Track 8-2Echocardiography
- Track 8-3Cardiac Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan
- Track 8-4Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Track 8-5Chest X ray
- Track 8-6Cardiac Electrophysiology
- Track 8-7Cardiac Perfusion Scan
- Track 8-8Invasive Cardiovascular Angiography
Heart failure also termed as congestive heart failure, happens when your heart muscle doesn't pump blood as well as it should. Specific circumstances, for example narrowed arteries in the heart or high blood pressure, slowly leave your heart too weak or stiff to fill and pump efficiently. Not all circumstances that lead to heart failure can be reversed, but treatments can develop the signs and symptoms of heart failure and help you live longer. Lifestyle changes such as working out, reducing salt in your diet, handling stress and losing weight can improve your quality of life.
Sole manner to prevent heart failure is to control situations causing heart failure, such as coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes or obesity.
- Track 9-1Left-sided Heart Failure
- Track 9-2Right-sided Heart Failure
- Track 9-3Congestive Heart Failure
- Track 9-4Predictors and Markers of Heart failure Outcome
- Track 9-5Heart Failure in Children and Adolescents
- Track 9-6Implantable Cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD)
- Track 9-7Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT)
- Track 9-8Coronary Artery Bypass
- Track 9-9Heart Transplantation
A non-surgical process used to treat contracting of the coronary arteries of the heart found in coronary artery disease is Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI). The procedure uses coronary catheterization to visualise the blood vessels on X-ray imaging, after accessing the blood stream through the femoral or radial artery. Later, an interventional cardiologist can achieve a coronary angioplasty, by using a balloon catheter where a squashed balloon is advanced into the obstructed artery and inflated to release the narrowing; specific devices such as stents can be arranged to keep the blood vessel open. Several other processes can also be achieved. While coronary artery disease causes heart attack or chest-pain, percutaneous coronary interventions, like angioplasty only, can bring back blood-flow to the heart.
- Track 10-1Improves Blood Flow
- Track 10-2Decreased Heart Related Chest Pain
- Track 10-3To Individualise Anti Platelet and Anti-thrombotic Treatment
- Track 10-4Renal Impairment
- Track 10-5Groin Heamatoma
- Track 10-6Blood Transfusions
To treat heart disease, implantable devices have been used for years. The 1st pacemaker was implanted over forty years ago, and implantable defibrillators were 1st used in the early 1980s. But the last few years have viewed a surge in both the varieties of devices being verified for heart-failure treatment, and in the optimism of experts about their usefulness.
The implantable cardioverter defibrillator or ICD is a microcomputer which is fixed beneath the skin of the upper chest area. It is so small that it can fit in the palm of your hand. It observers the heart rate and provides therapy in the form of small electrical pulses. The (cardiac resynchronization therapy implantable cardioverter defibrillator) used for the treatment of heart failure is a sort of particular ICD. The cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) heart device is not an open-heart method where medication is frequently given to make you sleepy and for being comfortable before surgery. The process is done under local anesthesia.
- Track 11-1Pacemaker
- Track 11-2Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator
- Track 11-3Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Defibrillator
Cardiovascular Toxicology is the field which primarily targets to the adverse effects on the heart or blood systems that result from exposure to toxic chemicals. It elaborates safety data of detrimental effects of new cardiovascular medicines. Pharmacology of vascular endothelium deals with modifications of endothelial cells and the vasculature play a crucial part in the pathogenesis of a wide range of the most dreadful of human diseases, as endothelial cells have the vital role of participating in the maintenance of patent and functional capillaries.
- Track 12-1Neurotoxicology
- Track 12-2Drug addiction and Alcohol Dependence
- Track 12-3Neurodegenerative Disorders
- Track 12-4Circadian Rhythm Disorders
Mostly, Case Studies in Cardiovascular Medicine, should detail a specific medical case, broadcasting the background of the patient. They should discuss investigations undertaken in order to determine a diagnosis or differentiate between possible diagnoses, and should indicate the type of treatment the patient underwent as a result. In one portion we can determine that Case Study is a beneficial and explanatory part of every physician's medical education.
- Track 13-1Case Reports on Cardiogeriatrics
- Track 13-2Case Reports on Pediatric cardiology
- Track 13-3Case Reports on Cardiothoracic Surgery
- Track 13-4Case Reports on Adult Cardiology
Open-heart surgery is any kind of surgery where the chest is cut open and surgery is done on the muscles, valves, or arteries of the heart. Coronary artery bypass grafting is common type of heart surgery which is done on adults. During this type of surgery, a healthy artery/ vein is grafted to a blocked coronary artery. This permits the grafted artery to bypass the blocked artery & bring fresh blood to the heart. Open-heart surgery is also termed as traditional heart surgery. Now days many new heart techniques can be performed with only small incisions, not wide openings.
- Track 14-1Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG)
- Track 14-2Heart Valve Repair or Replacement Surgery
- Track 14-3Aneurysm Repair
- Track 14-4Insertion of Ventricular Assist Devices
- Track 14-5Heart Transplant
During the minimally invasive heart surgery, heart surgeons are performing surgery by making small incisions in the right-side of the chest, without any cut through the breastbone which is an alternate to open-heart surgery. They operate between the ribs, which may result lesser pain and a quicker recovery for various people. In minimally invasive surgery, the heart surgeon may have a better view of some parts of your heart than in open-heart surgery. Alike to open- heart surgery, some minimally invasive heart surgery techniques might need to stop heart temporarily & diverting blood-flow from your heart using a heart-lung bypass machine. It may be done to treat a variety of heart conditions. This surgery isn't a choice for every individual, but it can offer potential benefits in those for whom it's appropriate. The benefits include:
Less blood loss
Lower risk of infection
Reduced trauma and pain
Shorter time in the hospital, faster recovery and quicker return to normal activities
Smaller, less noticeable scars
- Track 15-1Mitral Valve Repair and Replacement
- Track 15-2Tricuspid Valve Repair and Replacement
- Track 15-3Aortic Valve Replacement
- Track 15-4Atrial Septal Defect and Patent Foramen Ovale Closure
- Track 15-5Atrioventricular Septal Defect Surgery
- Track 15-6Maze Procedure for Atrial Fibrillation
- Track 15-7Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
- Track 15-8Saphenous Vein Harvest for Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a disorder which makes a portion of heart thickened without any cause by this, the heart being less able to pump blood efficiently. Symptoms differ from none to getting tired, shortness of breath, leg swelling, chest pain or fainting. It also includes heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, and sudden cardiac death. HCM is most frequently inherited from a individual's parents. It is mainly due to mutations in certain genes involved with making heart muscle proteins. Additional reasons may involve Friedreich's ataxia, certain medications such as tacrolimus & Fabry disease. It is kind of cardiomyopathy, a group of diseases that mainly affects the heart muscle. Diagnosis mostly involves an electrocardiogram, echocardiogram & stress-testing. Genetic testing may also be done. The treatment is performed by the use of beta-blockers, diuretics or disopyramide. An implantable cardiac-defibrillator may be suggested in those with specific types of irregular heart-beat. Surgery, in the form of a septal myectomy or heart transplant, may be perform in those who do not improve with other measures. With treatment, the risk of death from the disease is less than one percent a year.
- Track 16-1Electrocardiogram
- Track 16-2Echocardiogram
- Track 16-3Stress Testing
- Track 16-4Genetic Testing
- Track 16-5Disopyramide
Atrial fibrillation is an irregular heart rhythm occurred by fast and irregular beating of the atria. Often it initiates as brief episodes of abnormal beating which become longer and possibly constant over time. Often episodes have no signs; there may be heart-palpitations, lightheadedness, fainting and shortness of breath or chest pain. The disease is related with an increased risk of heart failure, dementia, and stroke. It is a type of supraventricular tachycardia.
The most common variable risk factors for atrial fibrillation are high blood pressure & valvular heart-disease. Additional heart-related risk factors comprise congenital heart disease, coronary artery disease, heart failure and cardiomyopathy. In the evolving world valvular heart disease frequently occurs as a result of rheumatic fever. Lung associated risk factors contain COPD, obesity, and sleep apnea. Other factors comprise tobacco smoking, diabetes mellitus, thyrotoxicosis and excess alcohol intake. However, half of cases are not related with any of these risks. A diagnosis is done by feeling the pulse and may be confirmed using an electrocardiogram.
- Track 17-1Palpitations
- Track 17-2Weakness
- Track 17-3Reduced Ability to Exercise
- Track 17-4Fatigue
- Track 17-5Lightheadedness
- Track 17-6Dizziness
- Track 17-7Confusion
- Track 17-8Shortness of Breath
- Track 17-9Chest Pain
Cardio-oncology is the intersection condition of heart in patients who have been treated for cancer. Heart specialists (Cardiologists) can assess patients for potential risk of evolving heart conditions if the patient is taking specific kind of drugs for cancer or following radiation therapy to the chest. They too help oncologists defend their patients through treatment by thoroughly watching the heart and identifying heart trouble early in treatment.
- Track 18-1Risk Assessment Prior to Cancer Treatment
- Track 18-2Risk Assessment Prior to Cancer Treatment
- Track 18-3Care for Cancer Patients with Existing Cardiovascular Disease
- Track 18-4Monitoring for Cardiac Complications from Cancer Therapy
- Track 18-5Assessment of Long-term Cardiac Risk in Cancer Survivors
- Track 18-6Assessment of New Chemotherapies
- Track 18-7Evaluation of Cardiac Tumors
Andreas Gruentzig is known as the father of interventional cardiology after the development of angioplasty by interventional radiologist Charles Dotter which is mainly deals with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases. A large number of procedures can be done on the heart by catheterization where the most frequently includes the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery and cannulating the heart under X-ray visualization (fluoroscopy). For cannulation, the radial-artery also can be used and this method having numerous advantages which consist of the accessibility of the artery in most patients, the easy control of bleeding even in anticoagulated patients, the enhancement of relief because patients are able to sit and walk immediately following the procedure, and the near absence of clinically significant sequelae in patients with a normal Allen test. In the other side to this methodology include spasm of the artery & pain, inability to use larger-catheters required in various procedures and also more radiation exposure.
- Track 19-1Angioplasty
- Track 19-2Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
- Track 19-3Valvuloplasty
- Track 19-4Congenital Heart Defect Correction
- Track 19-5Percutaneous Valve Replacement
- Track 19-6Percutaneous Valve Repair
- Track 19-7Coronary Thrombectomy
Congenital heart disease is an abnormality which is present in the heart by birth. Abnormal development that occurs in the heart and in the circulatory system before birth mainly causes Cardiac abnormalities. Abnormal development can be occurred by several factors, including infection and taking certain drugs by the mother during pregnancy. Some congenital cardiac abnormalities are genetic and may be transmitted as autosomal or sex-linked traits.
- Track 20-1Cyanotic
- Track 20-2Cyanosis
- Track 20-3Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
In Heart transplant surgery, cardiologists remove a person's diseased heart and replacing with a healthy heart from a deceased donor. Generally heart transplants are done on patients who have end-stage heart failure where the heart is damaged or weak. In this stage, heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. In "End-stage" the condition is so serious that all treatments, other than a heart transplant, have failed. Heart transplants are performed as a lifesaving technique for end-stage heart failure. Because donor hearts are very less, and patients who need heart transplants go through a careful selection process. The patient must be sick enough to need a new heart, yet healthy enough to receive it.
- Track 21-1Heart Attack
- Track 21-2Viral Infection of the Heart Muscle
- Track 21-3High Blood Pressure
- Track 21-4Heart Valve Disease
- Track 21-5Heart Defects Present at Birth
- Track 21-6Irregular Heartbeats
- Track 21-7High Blood Pressure in the Lungs
- Track 21-8Alcoholism or Drug Abuse
- Track 21-9Chronic Lung Diseases, Such as Emphysema or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
- Track 21-10Heart Muscle is Enlarged, Thick, and Stiff
- Track 21-11Low Red Blood Cell Count
The name Angina pectoris is the medical term for chest pain or uneasiness caused by coronary heart disease. It happens while the heart muscle doesn't get as much blood as it requires. This generally occurs because one or more of the heart's arteries is narrowed or blocked, also termed as ischemia. Painful pressure, squeezing or pain in the centre of the chest is generally caused by angina. You can feel the discomfort in your neck, jaw, shoulder, back or arm too. Angina in women can be dissimilar than in men.
- Track 22-1Electrocardiogram
- Track 22-2Stress Test (usually with ECG; also called treadmill or exercise ECG)
- Track 22-3Cardiac Catheterization
- Track 22-4Cardiac MRI
- Track 22-5Coronary CT Scan